What is unique is that all of the models are physics-based and validated in TNO's facilities. They are fully predictive and scalable, control oriented and can be implemented in real-time. TNO PowerTrains’ virtual testing environment allows time- and cost-efficient verification of control functionality performance and robustness. Before and when going on the road, TNO provides system validation performed in and around our state-of-the-art experimental facilities in Helmond. TNO Powertrains has a strong international track record for different applications from passenger cars to heavy-duty road and waterborne transport.