Hundreds of battery Gigafactories are needed for electric vehicles

January 24, 2019 //By Christoph Hammerschmidt
Hundreds of battery Gigafactories are needed for electric vehicles
German scientists have calculated that 220 giant 'gigafactories' are needed to meet global demand for batteries to power electric vehicle.

On the basis of the latest mobility scenarios and current developments in battery types and capacities, scientists at the Öko-Institut, a renowned non-profit research institute in Freiburg (Germany), have calculated the raw material requirements for key materials for lithium-ion cells up to 2050. Demand will continue to grow until 2050 if lithium-ion cells remain the energy storage technology of choice for electric vehicles in the long term, predicts Dr. Matthias Buchert, an expert on sustainable raw materials at the Öko-Institut.

The good news is that global reserves for lithium of 16 million tonnes, cobalt (7.1 million tonnes) and nickel (74 million tonnes) are sufficient so a shortage of these raw materials is not to be expected, says Buchert. Nevertheless, caution is advisable: "Electric mobility is developing so dynamically that there may be temporary shortages of individual raw materials," Buchert says.

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