GaN power amplifier module that delivers high output and low distortion for CATV applications using the 1-GHz Band

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By eeNews Europe

The MC-7802 incorporates newly-developed gallium nitride field effect transistors (GaN FETs) that can be operated at higher frequencies and deliver higher output power than existing Renesas Electronics power amplifier module products based on a different semiconductor material (gallium arsenide). The module provides approximately double the output performance while maintaining power consumption and distortion performance at the same levels as existing products. The peformance is achieved by optimizing the matching circuits of the GaN FETs and other components for CATV applications.

The power amplifier module enables manufacturers of CATV transmission equipment to roughly double output power without increasing energy consumption, so the coverage area of the CATV network overall can be expanded with no increase in power consumption.

The GaN FETs are fabricated on a silicon substrate instead of on a substrate made of silicon carbide, the material typically used previously. The device will simplify production by enabling the use of large-diameter wafers.

Renesas Electronics regards the GaN FET as a key device and plans to expand its power amplifier module product lineups for CATV to form a product family.

CATV power amplifier modules are mainly used in the trunk amplifiers of CATV systems, the optical node units (ONUs) of hybrid fibre coaxial (HFC) systems, and the final stages of booster power amplifiers for common receiver units installed in multiunit dwellings such as apartment buildings. These power amplifier modules are semiconductor devices that amplify multiple channel signals to make up for transmission loss over the network. Since they amplify terrestrial digital TV, CATV, and Internet signals, their better linearity (distortion performance) secure more stable data transfer, and improved signal quality. The high output power provides greater flexibility in system design and makes it easier to keep costs down, allowing the network to be expanded by extending transmission distances and increasing the number of branches.

With increasing digitization in recent years, CATV systems have gone beyond the simple distribution of video content and now also offer hybrid services including Internet access and Internet telephony (VoIP), and the number of channels handled has proliferated. As a result, the use of systems employing the 1 GHz band is expected to grow. However, although systems employing the 1 GHz band can transmit more channels than existing systems (which use the 770 MHz or 870 MHz band, depending on the region), the higher number of channels brings issues such as increased output power and distortion. In addition, demand is rising for high-frequency semiconductor devices with high output power, low distortion, and energy efficiency for use in amplifiers that maximize the transmission distance and number of branches in order to reduce the transmission cost.

The MC-7802 addresses this market demand by providing low power consumption together with improved output linearity and distortion characteristics.

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